14 Oct Somali Poverty Profile 2016
Somali poverty profile 2016 : findings from wave 1 of the Somali high frequency survey
1. Somalia is emerging from 25 years of political instability and economic difficulty but hard data is
lacking for evidence-based planning. The civil war and ongoing conflict that started in 1991 fragmented
the country, undermined political institutions, and created widespread vulnerability. The conflict has
eroded the statistical infrastructure and capacity, leaving policy makers and donors to operate in a
statistical vacuum due to the lack of reliable data. In the absence of representative household surveys not
much was known about poverty. The lack of information poses a threat to the design and implementation
of policies and programs needed to support economic resilience and development as well as assistance in
the event of shocks.
2. The region is currently facing a severe and prolonged drought, leaving about half of the population
at acute risk, mostly in rural areas and IDP settlements. Food security in the region has been deteriorating
due to poor rainfall between October, 2016, and March, 2017. With expected rain levels staying below
average in the April to June 2017 season, more than 6 million people will remain acutely food insecure.
Geographically, the drought is most severely affecting the southern pre-war regions of Bay and Bakool, as
well as rangeland in the North East, leading to crop loss and livestock deaths. Output is expected to decline
by 10.6 percent in 2017. In combination with high prices for staple foods, households’ purchasing power
is compromised. More than a quarter of a million people have already been internally displaced as a
consequence of the drought.