Consumer Price Index (CPI), 1st Quarter April 2018

CPI is obtained by comparing through time, the cost of a fixed basket of commodities purchased by consumers. Since the basket contains commodities of unchanging or equivalent quantity and quality, the index reflects only pure price movements. Price movements of the goods and services represented in the CPI are  weighted  according  to  the  relative  importance  of  commodities  in  the  total  expenditures  of consumers.

CPI Q1 2018

Q1 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
wdt_ID Q1 2018 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
1 Food and Drinks Including Sugar 356,39 502,14 462,36 448,36 393,33
2 Fruits and Vegetables 264,91 350,44 357,35 299,41 333,57
3 Clothes and Shoes for all 245,94 298,83 283,66 288,79 256,26
4 Water, Fuel, Power & Transportation 317,99 118,23 110,21 101,34 319,39
5 Furniture 159,54 88,27 215,94 328,69 367,20
6 Medicine 239,13 203,65 223,87 204,46 207,98

Table 1 and Figure 1 show fluctuations in the general level of prices in Puntland.

There is a decrease in the overall price level for the 1st quarter of 2018 reaching an average of 188.17%

with respect to the base year of 2005. (See Table 1 & Figure 1).


For Monthly CPI refer to table 2. In this Table the monthly inflation rate for all items was -0.2 percent in March 2018, up from -1.0 percent in Feb 2018. The inflation rate for food items was -1.7 percent in Feb and it increased to 1.8 percent in March while non-food items was -0.9 percent in Feb and it changed to –

0.8 percent in March. It indicates that there is a big change for monthly inflation rate in food items than non-food and all items.


With regard to the foreign exchange regime in Puntland we have observed that for the first time in the history of Puntland, and indeed in Somalia in general, there is a declining trend in the market exchange rates and since August 2011 it is below the level (around SoSh20.99 in December 2012 per US$) of the official exchange rate of SoSh30, 000 per US$ (See Table 2 & Figure 2).

A recent report by an economic committee set for this purpose have come to a sensible proposal to collect import-export duties in solely US $’s.

Mobile Phones Money Transactions (SAHAL)

Sahal is a Golis Telecom service allowing customers to transfer money using a mobile phone. It has

solved the crucial problem of finding smaller denominations of the USD since the SoSh currency notes are disappearing from Puntland circulation after the Government stopped printing them due to inflationary pressures.

Puntland CPI-Q1- I2018